Articles producció científica> Infermeria

Related factors to semi-recumbent position compliance and pressure ulcers in patients with invasive mechanical ventilation: An observational study (CAPCRI study)

  • Identification data

    Identifier: PC:1794
  • Authors:

    Mireia Llaurado-Serra
    Marta Ulldemolins
    Joan Fernandez-Ballart
    Rosa Guell-Baro
    Teresa Valentí-Trulls
    Neus Calpe-Damians
    Angels Piñol-Tena
    Mercedes Pi-Guerrero
    Cristina Paños-Espinosa
    Alberto Sandiumenge
    María F. Jimenez-Herrera
    CAPCRI Study Group
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Mireia Llaurado-Serra; Marta Ulldemolins; Joan Fernandez-Ballart; Rosa Guell-Baro; Teresa Valentí-Trulls; Neus Calpe-Damians; Angels Piñol-Tena; Mercedes Pi-Guerrero; Cristina Paños-Espinosa; Alberto Sandiumenge; María F. Jimenez-Herrera; CAPCRI Study Group
    Department: Ciències Mèdiques Bàsiques Infermeria
    URV's Author/s: LLAURADÓ SERRA, MIREIA; Marta Ulldemolins; FERNÁNDEZ BALLART, JOAN DOMÈNECH; Rosa Guell-Baro; Teresa Valentí-Trulls; Neus Calpe-Damians; Angels Piñol-Tena; Mercedes Pi-Guerrero; Cristina Paños-Espinosa; Alberto Sandiumenge; JIMÉNEZ HERRERA, MARÍA FRANCISCA; CAPCRI Study Group
    Keywords: Patient positioning ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Abstract: Background Semi-recumbent position is recommended to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia. Its implementation, however, is below optimal. Objectives We aimed to assess real semi-recumbent position compliance and the degree of head-of-bed elevation in Spanish intensive care units, along with factors determining compliance and head-of-bed elevation and their relationship with the development of pressure ulcers. Finally, we investigated the impact that might have the diagnosis of pressure ulcers in the attitude toward head-of-bed elevation. Methods We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational study in 6 intensive care units. Inclusion criteria were patients ≥18 years old and expected to remain under mechanical ventilator for ≥48 h. Exclusion criteria were patients with contraindications for semi-recumbent position from admission, mechanical ventilation during the previous 7 days and prehospital intubation. Head-of-bed elevation was measured 3 times/day for a maximum of 28 days using the BOSCH GLM80® device. The variables collected related to patient admission, risk of pressure ulcers and the measurements themselves. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out using multiple binary logistic regression and linear regression as appropriate. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. All analyses were performed with IBM SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. Results 276 patients were included (6894 measurements). 45.9% of the measurements were <30.0°. The mean head-of-bed elevation was 30.1 (SD 6.7)° and mean patient compliance was 53.6 (SD 26.1)%. The main reasons for non-compliance according to the staff nurses were those related to the patient's care followed by clinical reasons. The factors independently related to semi-recumbent position compliance were intensive care unit, ventilation mode, nurse belonging to the research team, intracranial pressure catheter, beds with head-of-bed elevation device, type of pathology, lateral position, renal replacement therapy, nursing shift, open abdomen, abdominal vacuum therapy and agitation. Twenty-five patients (9.1%) developed a total of 34 pressure ulcers. The diagnosis of pressure ulcers did not affect the head-of-bed elevation. In the multivariate analysis, head-of-bed elevation was not identified as an independent risk factor for pressure ulcers. Conclusions Semi-recumbent position compliance is below optimal despite the fact that it seems achievable most of the time. Factors that affect semi-recumbent position include the particular intensive care unit, abdominal conditions, renal replacement therapy, agitation and bed type. Head-of-bed elevation was not related to the risk of pressure ulcers. Efforts should be made to clarify semi-recumbent position contraindications and further analysis of its safety profile should be carried out
    Research group: SEPSIS, INFLAMACIÓN Y SEGURIDAD Grup de Recerca en Infermeria Avançada Alimentació, Nutrició, Creixement i Salut Mental
    Thematic Areas: Infermeria Infermería
    licence for use:
    ISSN: 0020-7489
    Author identifier: n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a; n/a
    Record's date: 2016-07-25
    Last page: 208
    Journal volume: 61
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
    Link to the original source:
    Article's DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.06.002
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2016
    First page: 198
    Publication Type: Article Artículo Article
  • Keywords:

    Úlceres -- Tractament
    Patient positioning
    ventilator-associated pneumonia
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