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Direct evidence of megamammalcarnivore interaction decoded from bone marks in historical fossil collections from the pampean region

  • Identification data

    Identifier: PC:2940
  • Authors:

    Martínez-navarro, B.
    Chichkoyan, K.V.
    Figueirido, B.
    Belinchón, M.
    Lanata, J.L.
    Moigne, A.-M.
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Martínez-navarro, B.; Chichkoyan, K.V.; Figueirido, B.; Belinchón, M.; Lanata, J.L.; Moigne, A.-M.
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: MARTÍNEZ NAVARRO, BIENVENIDO; Chichkoyan, K.V.; Figueirido, B.; Belinchón, M.; Lanata, J.L.; Moigne, A.-M.
    Keywords: interaction Carnivore Bone marks;
    Abstract: Pleistocene South American megafauna has traditionally attracted the interest of scientists and the popular media alike. However, ecological interactions between the species that inhabited these ecosystems, such as predator-prey relationships or interspecific competition, are poorly known. To this regard, carnivore marks imprinted on the fossil bones of megamammal remains are very useful for deciphering biological activity and, hence, potential interspecific relationships among taxa. In this article, we study historical fossil collections housed in different European and Argentinean museums that were excavated during the 19th and early 20th centuries in the Pampean region, Argentina, in order to detect carnivore marks on bones of megamammals and provide crucial information on the ecological relationships between South American taxa during the Pleistocene. Our results indicate that the long bones of megafauna from the Pampean region (e.g., the Mylodontidae and Toxodontidae families) exhibit carnivore marks. Furthermore, long bones of medium-sized species and indeterminate bones also present punctures, pits, scores and fractures. Members of the large-carnivore guild, such as ursids, canids and even felids, are recognised as the main agents that inflicted the marks. We hypothesize that the analysed carnivore marks represent the last stages of megaherbivore carcass exploitation, suggesting full consumption of these animals by the same or multiple taxa in a hunting and/or scavenging scenario. Moreover, our observations provide novel insights that help further our understanding of the palaeoecological relationships of these unique communities of megamammals.
    Research group: Autoecologia Humana del Quaternari
    Thematic Areas: History Historia Història
    licence for use:
    ISSN: 2167-8359
    Author identifier: ; ; ; ; ;
    Record's date: 2017-05-26
    Journal volume: 2017
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source:
    Funding program: altres; Grups consolidats; 2014 SGR 901 plan; Retos Investigación; CGL2010-15326 european; Erasmus Mundus; KVCH;
    Article's DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3117
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2017
    First page: Art.num. 3117
    Publication Type: Article Artículo Article
  • Keywords:

    Bone marks;
  • Documents:

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