Articles producció científica> Història i Història de l'Art

Convergent evidence of eagle talons used by late Neanderthals in Europe: A further assessment on symbolism

  • Identification data

    Identifier: PC:984
  • Authors:

    Romandini, M., Peresani, M., Laroulandie, V., Metz, L., Pastoors, A., Vaquero, M., Slimak, L.
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Romandini, M., Peresani, M., Laroulandie, V., Metz, L., Pastoors, A., Vaquero, M., Slimak, L.
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source:
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    e-ISSN: 1932-6203
    Article's DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101278
    Abstract: To contribute to have a better understanding of the symbolic or not use of certain items by Neanderthals, this work presents new evidence of the deliberate removal of raptor claws occurred in Mediterranean Europe during the recent phases of the Mousterian. Rio Secco Cave in the north-east of Italy and Mandrin Cave in the Middle Rhône valley have recently produced two golden eagle pedal phalanges from contexts not younger than 49.1-48.0 ky cal BP at Rio Secco and dated around 50.0 ky cal BP at Mandrin. The bones show cut-marks located on the proximal end ascribable to the cutting of the tendons and the incision of the cortical organic tissues. Also supported by an experimental removal of large raptor claws, our reconstruction explains that the deliberate detachment occurred without damaging the claw, in a way comparable at a general level with other Mousterian contexts across Europe. After excluding that these specimens met the nutritional requirements for human subsistence, we discuss the possible implications these findings perform in our current knowledge of the European Middle Palaeolithic context.
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili.
    Journal publication year: 2014
    licence for use:
    Keyword in other language: article animal tissue animal structures animal experiment adult
    Journal volume: 9