Articles producció científica> Bioquímica i Biotecnologia

Yeast Biodiversity from DOQ Priorat Uninoculated Fermentations

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:5130028
  • Authors:

    Padilla, Beatriz
    Garcia-Fernandez, David
    Gonzalez, Beatriz
    Izidoro, Iara
    Esteve-Zarzoso, Braulio
    Beltran, Gemma
    Mas, Albert
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Padilla, Beatriz; Garcia-Fernandez, David; Gonzalez, Beatriz; Izidoro, Iara; Esteve-Zarzoso, Braulio; Beltran, Gemma; Mas, Albert;
    Department: Bioquímica i Biotecnologia
    URV's Author/s: Beltran Casellas, Gemma / Esteve Zarzoso, Braulio / Mas Baron, Alberto
    Keywords: Wine Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hanseniaspora Grenache Carignan Candida saccharomyces cerevisiae grenache carignan candida
    Abstract: Climate, soil, and grape varieties are the primary characteristics of terroir and lead to the definition of various appellations of origin. However, the microbiota associated with grapes are also affected by these conditions and can leave a footprint in a wine that will be part of the characteristics of terroir. Thus, a description of the yeast microbiota within a vineyard is of interest not only to provide a better understanding of the winemaking process, but also to understand the source of microorganisms that maintain a microbial footprint in wine from the examined vineyard. In this study, two typical grape varieties, Grenache and Carignan, have been sampled from four different vineyards in the DOQ Priorat winegrowing region. Afterward, eight spontaneous alcoholic fermentations containing only grapes from one sampling point and of one variety were conducted at laboratory scale. The fermentation kinetics and yeast population dynamics within each fermentation experiment were evaluated. Yeast identification was performed by RFLP-PCR of the 5.8S-ITS region and by sequencing D1/D2 of the 26S rRNA gene of the isolates. The fermentation kinetics did not indicate clear differences between the two varieties of grapes or among vineyards. Approximately 1,400 isolates were identified, exhibiting high species richness in some fermentations. Of all the isolates studied, approximately 60% belong to the genus Hanseniaspora, 16% to Saccharomyces, and 11% to Candida. Other minor genera, such as Hansenula, Issatchenkia, Kluyveromyces, Saccharomycodes, and Zygosaccharomyces, were also found. The distribution of the identified yeast throughout the fermentation process was studied, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was found to be present mainly at the end of the fermentation process, while Aureobasidium pullulans was isolated primarily during the first days of fermentation in three of the eight spontaneous fermentations. This work highlights the complexity and diversity of the vineyard ecosystem, which contains yeasts from different species. The description of this yeast diversity will lead to the selection of native microbiota that can be used to produce quality wines with the characteristics of the Priorat.
    Thematic Areas: Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros Saúde coletiva Química Odontología Nutrição Microbiology (medical) Microbiology Medicina veterinaria Medicina ii Medicina i Materiais Matemática / probabilidade e estatística Interdisciplinar Geografía Geociências Farmacia Ensino Engenharias iii Engenharias ii Engenharias i Economia Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Ciências agrárias i Ciência de alimentos Ciência da computação Biotecnología Biodiversidade Astronomia / física
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: gemma.beltran@urv.cat braulio.esteve@urv.cat braulio.esteve@urv.cat albert.mas@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-7071-205X 0000-0001-6467-7086 0000-0001-6467-7086 0000-0002-0763-1679
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/microbiology/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00930/full
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Frontiers In Microbiology. 7 (JUN): 930-
    APA: Padilla, Beatriz; Garcia-Fernandez, David; Gonzalez, Beatriz; Izidoro, Iara; Esteve-Zarzoso, Braulio; Beltran, Gemma; Mas, Albert; (2016). Yeast Biodiversity from DOQ Priorat Uninoculated Fermentations. Frontiers In Microbiology, 7(JUN), 930-. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00930
    Article's DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00930
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2016
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Microbiology,Microbiology (Medical)
    Wine
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Hanseniaspora
    Grenache
    Carignan
    Candida
    saccharomyces cerevisiae
    grenache
    carignan
    candida
    Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros
    Saúde coletiva
    Química
    Odontología
    Nutrição
    Microbiology (medical)
    Microbiology
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Materiais
    Matemática / probabilidade e estatística
    Interdisciplinar
    Geografía
    Geociências
    Farmacia
    Ensino
    Engenharias iii
    Engenharias ii
    Engenharias i
    Economia
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências ambientais
    Ciências agrárias i
    Ciência de alimentos
    Ciência da computação
    Biotecnología
    Biodiversidade
    Astronomia / física
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