Articles producció científica> Bioquímica i Biotecnologia

Replacement of Dietary Saturated Fat by PUFA-Rich Pumpkin Seed Oil Attenuates Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Atherosclerosis Development, with Additional Health Effects of Virgin over Refined Oil

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:5130390
  • Authors:

    Morrison, Martine C.
    Mulder, Petra
    Stavro, P. Mark
    Saurez, Manuel
    Arola-Arnal, Anna
    van Duyvenvoorde, Wim
    Kooistra, Teake
    Wielinga, Peter Y.
    Kleemann, Robert
    Plos One
    10.1371/journal.pone.0139196
    Plos One. 10 (9): e0139196-
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Morrison, Martine C.; Mulder, Petra; Stavro, P. Mark; Saurez, Manuel; Arola-Arnal, Anna; van Duyvenvoorde, Wim; Kooistra, Teake; Wielinga, Peter Y.; Kleemann, Robert;
    Department: Bioquímica i Biotecnologia
    URV's Author/s: Arola Arnal, Anna / Suárez Recio, Manuel
    Keywords: Vascular-lesions Transgenic mice Metabolic syndrome Kappa-b Hepatic steatosis Cardiovascular-disease Bilberry extract Apoe-asterisk-3leiden mice American-heart-association Activated receptor-alpha
    Abstract: © 2015 Morrison et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background and Aims: As dietary saturated fatty acids are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease, a potentially interesting strategy to reduce disease risk is modification of the quality of fat consumed. Vegetable oils represent an attractive target for intervention, as they largely determine the intake of dietary fats. Furthermore, besides potential health effects conferred by the type of fatty acids in a vegetable oil, other minor components (e.g. phytochemicals) may also have health benefits. Here, we investigated the potential long-term health effects of isocaloric substitution of dietary fat (i.e. partial replacement of saturated by unsaturated fats), as well as putative additional effects of phytochemicals present in unrefined (virgin) oil on development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and associated atherosclerosis. For this, we used pumpkin seed oil, because it is high in unsaturated fatty acids and a rich source of phytochemicals. Methods: ApoE∗3Leiden mice were fed a Western-type diet (CON) containing cocoa butter (15% w/ w) and cholesterol (1% w/w) for 20 weeks to induce risk factors and disease endpoints. In separate groups, cocoa butter was replaced by refined (REF) or virgin (VIR) pumpkin seed oil (comparable in fatty acid composition, but different in phytochemical content). Results: Both oils improved dyslipidaemia, with decreased (V)LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels in comparison with CON, and additional cholesterol-lowering effects of VIR over REF. While REF did not affect plasma inflammatory markers, VIR reduced circulating serum amyloid A and soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1. NAFLD and atherosclerosis development was modestly reduced in REF, and VIR strongly decreased liver steatosis and inflammation as well as atherosclerotic lesion area and severity. Conclusions: Overall, we show that an isocaloric switch from a diet rich in saturated fat to a diet rich in unsaturated fat can attenuate NAFLD and atherosclerosis development. Phytochemicalrich virgin pumpkin seed oil exerts additional anti-inflammatory effects resulting in more pronounced health effects.
    Thematic Areas: Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros Sociology Sociología Serviço social Saúde coletiva Química Psychology Psicología Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia Odontología Nutrição Multidisciplinary sciences Multidisciplinary Medicine (miscellaneous) Medicina veterinaria Medicina iii Medicina ii Medicina i Materiais Matemática / probabilidade e estatística Linguística e literatura Letras / linguística Interdisciplinary research in the social sciences Interdisciplinar Human geography and urban studies History & philosophy of science Historia Geografía Geociências General medicine General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology General agricultural and biological sciences Farmacia Environmental studies Ensino Engenharias iv Engenharias iii Engenharias ii Engenharias i Enfermagem Educação física Educação Economia Direito Demography Comunicação e informação Ciências sociais aplicadas i Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Ciências agrárias i Ciência política e relações internacionais Ciência de alimentos Ciência da computação Biotecnología Biology Biodiversidade Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (miscellaneous) Astronomia / física Arquitetura, urbanismo e design Archaeology Antropologia / arqueologia Anthropology Agricultural and biological sciences (miscellaneous) Administração, ciências contábeis e turismo Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: manuel.suarez@urv.cat anna.arola@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0003-0122-8253 0000-0001-6529-1345
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0139196
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Plos One. 10 (9): e0139196-
    APA: Morrison, Martine C.; Mulder, Petra; Stavro, P. Mark; Saurez, Manuel; Arola-Arnal, Anna; van Duyvenvoorde, Wim; Kooistra, Teake; Wielinga, Peter Y.; K (2015). Replacement of Dietary Saturated Fat by PUFA-Rich Pumpkin Seed Oil Attenuates Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Atherosclerosis Development, with Additional Health Effects of Virgin over Refined Oil. Plos One, 10(9), e0139196-. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139196
    Article's DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139196
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2015
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Miscellaneous),Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (Miscellaneous),Biology,Medicine (Miscellaneous),Multidisciplinary,Multidisciplinary Sciences
    Vascular-lesions
    Transgenic mice
    Metabolic syndrome
    Kappa-b
    Hepatic steatosis
    Cardiovascular-disease
    Bilberry extract
    Apoe-asterisk-3leiden mice
    American-heart-association
    Activated receptor-alpha
    Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros
    Sociology
    Sociología
    Serviço social
    Saúde coletiva
    Química
    Psychology
    Psicología
    Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia
    Odontología
    Nutrição
    Multidisciplinary sciences
    Multidisciplinary
    Medicine (miscellaneous)
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina iii
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Materiais
    Matemática / probabilidade e estatística
    Linguística e literatura
    Letras / linguística
    Interdisciplinary research in the social sciences
    Interdisciplinar
    Human geography and urban studies
    History & philosophy of science
    Historia
    Geografía
    Geociências
    General medicine
    General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology
    General agricultural and biological sciences
    Farmacia
    Environmental studies
    Ensino
    Engenharias iv
    Engenharias iii
    Engenharias ii
    Engenharias i
    Enfermagem
    Educação física
    Educação
    Economia
    Direito
    Demography
    Comunicação e informação
    Ciências sociais aplicadas i
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências ambientais
    Ciências agrárias i
    Ciência política e relações internacionais
    Ciência de alimentos
    Ciência da computação
    Biotecnología
    Biology
    Biodiversidade
    Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (miscellaneous)
    Astronomia / física
    Arquitetura, urbanismo e design
    Archaeology
    Antropologia / arqueologia
    Anthropology
    Agricultural and biological sciences (miscellaneous)
    Administração, ciências contábeis e turismo
    Administração pública e
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