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Investigating Neolithic caprine husbandry in the Central Pyrenees: Insights from a multi-proxy study at Els Trocs cave (Bisaurri, Spain)

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9150991
  • Authors:

    Tejedor-Rodriguez, Cristina
    Moreno-Garcia, Marta
    Tornero, Carlos
    Hoffmann, Alize
    Garcia-Martinez de Lagran, Inigo
    Arcusa-Magallon, Hector
    Garrido-Pena, Rafael
    Ignacio Royo-Guillen, Jose
    Diaz-Navarro, Sonia
    Pena-Chocarro, Leonor
    Alt, Kurt W
    Rojo-Guerra, Manuel
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Tejedor-Rodriguez, Cristina; Moreno-Garcia, Marta; Tornero, Carlos; Hoffmann, Alize; Garcia-Martinez de Lagran, Inigo; Arcusa-Magallon, Hector; Garrido-Pena, Rafael; Ignacio Royo-Guillen, Jose; Diaz-Navarro, Sonia; Pena-Chocarro, Leonor; Alt, Kurt W; Rojo-Guerra, Manuel
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: Tornero Dacasa, Carlos
    Keywords: Valley Third molar Survival rate Spain Sheep Sediment Seasonality Radiocarbon Population size Population productivity Physiology Perinatal mortality Parasitology Oxygen-18 Oxygen isotopes Oxygen 18 Oxygen Ovum Ovis Nonhuman Neolithic Nematode Nematoda Morphological distinctions Molar, third Mandibular teeth Male Isotope analysis Isolation and purification Human History, ancient History Herd Growth, development and aging Goat breed Goat Fossils Fossil Female Dynamics Controlled study Cohort analysis Chemistry Caves Cave Carbon-13 Carbon isotopes Carbon 13 Carbon Breeding Birth Bayes theorem Autumn Artiodactyla Article Archeology Archaeology Animals Animal husbandry Animal Age Adult
    Abstract: Sheep remains constitute the main archaeozoological evidence for the presence of Early Neolithic human groups in the highlands of the Southern Pyrenees but understanding the role of herding activities in the Neolithisation process of this mountain ecosystem calls for the analysis of large and well-dated faunal assemblages. Cova de Els Trocs (Bisaurri, Huesca, Spain), a cave located at 1564 m a.s.l on the southern slopes of the Central Pyrenees, is an excellent case study since it was seasonally occupied throughout the Neolithic (ca. 5312-2913 cal. BC) and more than 4000 caprine remains were recovered inside. The multi-proxy analytical approach here presented has allowed us to offer new data elaborating on vertical mobility practices and herd management dynamics as has not been attempted up until now within Neolithic high-mountain sites in the Iberian Peninsula. For the first time, delta O-18 and delta C-13 stable isotope analyses offer direct evidence on both the regular practice of altitudinal movements of sheep flocks and the extended breeding season of sheep. Autumn births are recorded from the second half of the fifth millennium cal. BC onwards. Age-at-death distributions illustrate the progressive decline in caprine perinatal mortality together with the rising survival rate of individuals older than six months of age and the larger frequency of adults. This trend alongside the 'off-season' lambing signal at the implementation of husbandry techniques over time, probably aiming to increase the size of the flocks and their productivity. Palaeoparasitological analyses of sediment samples document also the growing reliance on herding activities of the human groups visiting the Els Trocs cave throughout the Neolithic sequence. In sum, our work provides substantial arguments to conclude that the advanced herding management skills of the Early Neolithic communities arriving in Iberia facilitated the anthropisation process of the subalpine areas of the Central Pyrenees.
    Thematic Areas: Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros Sociology Sociología Serviço social Saúde coletiva Química Psychology Psicología Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia Odontología Nutrição Multidisciplinary sciences Multidisciplinary Medicine (miscellaneous) Medicina veterinaria Medicina iii Medicina ii Medicina i Materiais Matemática / probabilidade e estatística Linguística e literatura Letras / linguística Interdisciplinary research in the social sciences Interdisciplinar Human geography and urban studies History & philosophy of science Historia Geografía Geociências General medicine General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology General agricultural and biological sciences Farmacia Environmental studies Ensino Engenharias iv Engenharias iii Engenharias ii Engenharias i Enfermagem Educação física Educação Economia Direito Demography Comunicação e informação Ciências sociais aplicadas i Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Ciências agrárias i Ciência política e relações internacionais Ciência de alimentos Ciência da computação Biotecnología Biology Biodiversidade Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (miscellaneous) Astronomia / física Arquitetura, urbanismo e design Archaeology Antropologia / arqueologia Anthropology Agricultural and biological sciences (miscellaneous) Administração, ciências contábeis e turismo Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: carlos.tornero@urv.cat
    Record's date: 2024-07-06
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0244139
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Plos One. 16 (1):
    APA: Tejedor-Rodriguez, Cristina; Moreno-Garcia, Marta; Tornero, Carlos; Hoffmann, Alize; Garcia-Martinez de Lagran, Inigo; Arcusa-Magallon, Hector; Garrid (2021). Investigating Neolithic caprine husbandry in the Central Pyrenees: Insights from a multi-proxy study at Els Trocs cave (Bisaurri, Spain). Plos One, 16(1), -. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244139
    Article's DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244139
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2021
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Miscellaneous),Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (Miscellaneous),Biology,Medicine (Miscellaneous),Multidisciplinary,Multidisciplinary Sciences
    Valley
    Third molar
    Survival rate
    Spain
    Sheep
    Sediment
    Seasonality
    Radiocarbon
    Population size
    Population productivity
    Physiology
    Perinatal mortality
    Parasitology
    Oxygen-18
    Oxygen isotopes
    Oxygen 18
    Oxygen
    Ovum
    Ovis
    Nonhuman
    Neolithic
    Nematode
    Nematoda
    Morphological distinctions
    Molar, third
    Mandibular teeth
    Male
    Isotope analysis
    Isolation and purification
    Human
    History, ancient
    History
    Herd
    Growth, development and aging
    Goat breed
    Goat
    Fossils
    Fossil
    Female
    Dynamics
    Controlled study
    Cohort analysis
    Chemistry
    Caves
    Cave
    Carbon-13
    Carbon isotopes
    Carbon 13
    Carbon
    Breeding
    Birth
    Bayes theorem
    Autumn
    Artiodactyla
    Article
    Archeology
    Archaeology
    Animals
    Animal husbandry
    Animal
    Age
    Adult
    Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros
    Sociology
    Sociología
    Serviço social
    Saúde coletiva
    Química
    Psychology
    Psicología
    Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia
    Odontología
    Nutrição
    Multidisciplinary sciences
    Multidisciplinary
    Medicine (miscellaneous)
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina iii
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Materiais
    Matemática / probabilidade e estatística
    Linguística e literatura
    Letras / linguística
    Interdisciplinary research in the social sciences
    Interdisciplinar
    Human geography and urban studies
    History & philosophy of science
    Historia
    Geografía
    Geociências
    General medicine
    General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology
    General agricultural and biological sciences
    Farmacia
    Environmental studies
    Ensino
    Engenharias iv
    Engenharias iii
    Engenharias ii
    Engenharias i
    Enfermagem
    Educação física
    Educação
    Economia
    Direito
    Demography
    Comunicação e informação
    Ciências sociais aplicadas i
    Ciências biológicas iii
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