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Qué carrera para qué medicina?: El fracaso de la introducción de las ciencias sociosanitarias en la formación médica del primer franquismo (1938-1959)

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9244519
  • Authors:

    Barcelo-Prats, Josep
    Comelless, Josep M.
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Barcelo-Prats, Josep; Comelless, Josep M.;
    Department: Infermeria
    URV's Author/s: Barceló Prats, Josep / COMELLES ESTEBAN, JOSÉ MARIA
    Keywords: Spain Social sciences in medicine Social medicine Psychiatry Medical education Knowledge Francoism
    Abstract: Beginning at the end of the 18th century, the emergence of hospital medicine and, half a century later, the development of experimental medicine and health statistics, transformed the way medicine was taught. This new training model prioritized the "clinical view", to the detriment of the view on the social environment where professional practice was undertaken. Despite this subordination, on an international scale, social medicine and other social and health sciences continued to be important subjects in the medical curriculum. However, in Spain the presence of social and health sciences was scant. In this article, focused mainly on the early Franco regime, we intend to clarify the roots and reasons for this marginalization, such as the legal and administrative "regulations" of the Spanish university; academic and corporate resistance to incorporating interdisciplinary approaches; and a political and ideological context that delayed, until the Spanish Transition, the evolution of Spanish health towards the concept of "public health". To do this, we have divided the article into two parts. The first follows the evolution of medical training from the middle of the 19th century to 1938, while the second describes and analyses the reforms of medical curricula made between 1938 and 1959.
    Thematic Areas: Pedagogical & educational research History Historia y filosofía de la ciencia Historia general y especializada Historia Education & educational research Education Educación Educació Educação Cultural studies Ciencias sociales Ciencias humanas Ciencias de la educación
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: josep.barcelo@urv.cat josep.barcelo@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-8818-0872 0000-0002-8818-0872
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://revistas.uned.es/index.php/HMe/article/view/30485
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Historia Y Memoria De La Educación. (15): 29-61
    APA: Barcelo-Prats, Josep; Comelless, Josep M.; (2022). Qué carrera para qué medicina?: El fracaso de la introducción de las ciencias sociosanitarias en la formación médica del primer franquismo (1938-1959). Historia Y Memoria De La Educación, (15), 29-61. DOI: 10.5944/hme.15.2022.30485
    Article's DOI: 10.5944/hme.15.2022.30485
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Education,Education & Educational Research,History
    Spain
    Social sciences in medicine
    Social medicine
    Psychiatry
    Medical education
    Knowledge
    Francoism
    Pedagogical & educational research
    History
    Historia y filosofía de la ciencia
    Historia general y especializada
    Historia
    Education & educational research
    Education
    Educación
    Educació
    Educação
    Cultural studies
    Ciencias sociales
    Ciencias humanas
    Ciencias de la educación
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