Articles producció científica> Enginyeria Informàtica i Matemàtiques

Homophily impacts the success of vaccine roll-outs

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9258966
  • Authors:

    Burgio G
    Steinegger B
    Arenas A
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Burgio G; Steinegger B; Arenas A
    Department: Enginyeria Informàtica i Matemàtiques
    URV's Author/s: Arenas Moreno, Alejandro / Burgio, Giulio / Steinegger, Benjamin Franz Josef
    Project code: Grant agreement No. 713679 and No. 945413
    Keywords: Exemptions measles hesitancy
    Abstract: Physical contacts do not occur randomly, rather, individuals with similar socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics are more likely to interact among them, a phenomenon known as homophily. Concurrently, the same characteristics correlate with the adoption of prophylactic tools. As a result, the latter do not unfold homogeneously in a population, affecting their ability to control the spread of infectious diseases. Focusing on the case of vaccines, we reveal that, provided an imperfect vaccine efficacy, three different dynamical regimes exist as a function of the mixing rate between vaccinated and not vaccinated individuals. Specifically, depending on the epidemic pressure, vaccine coverage and efficacy, we find the final attack rate to decrease, increase or vary non monotonously with respect to the mixing rate. We corroborate the phenomenology through Monte Carlo simulations on a temporal real-world contact network. Besides vaccines, our findings hold for any prophylactic tool that reduces but not suppress the probability of transmission, indicating a universal mechanism in spreading dynamics.
    Thematic Areas: Physics, multidisciplinary Physics and astronomy (miscellaneous) Physics and astronomy (all) General physics and astronomy Ciencias sociales
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: benjamin.steinegger@estudiants.urv.cat alexandre.arenas@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-0723-1536 0000-0003-0937-0334
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s42005-022-00849-8
    Funding program: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions - European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Communications Physics. 5 (1):
    APA: Burgio G; Steinegger B; Arenas A (2022). Homophily impacts the success of vaccine roll-outs. Communications Physics, 5(1), -. DOI: 10.1038/s42005-022-00849-8
    Acronym: MFP; MFP Plus
    Article's DOI: 10.1038/s42005-022-00849-8
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Funding program action: Martí i Franquès COFUND Doctoral Programme
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Physics and Astronomy (Miscellaneous),Physics, Multidisciplinary
    Exemptions
    measles
    hesitancy
    Physics, multidisciplinary
    Physics and astronomy (miscellaneous)
    Physics and astronomy (all)
    General physics and astronomy
    Ciencias sociales
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