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Explaining Cannabis Use by Adolescents: A Comparative Assessment of Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Ordered Logistic Regression

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9261753
  • Authors:

    Andres-Sanchez Jd
    Belzunegui-Eraso A
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Andres-Sanchez Jd; Belzunegui-Eraso A
    Department: Gestió d'Empreses Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: Belzunegui Eraso, Angel Gabriel / De Andrés Sànchez, Jorge
    Keywords: Substance use Regresión borrosa Ordered logistic regression Fuzzy set theory Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis Consumo en adolescencia Cannabis use Cannabinoides Boolean functions Adolescence substance use risk religious involvement protective factors peers ordered logistic regression marijuana use latino fuzzy set theory fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis drug-use cannabis use boolean functions behaviors alcohol
    Abstract: Background: This study assesses the relevance of several factors that the literature on the substance use of adolescents considers relevant. The factors embed individual variables, such as gender or age; factors linked with parental style; and variables that are associated with the teenager’s social environment. Methods: The study applies complementarily ordered logistic regression (OLR) and fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) in a sample of 1935 teenagers of Tarragona (Spain). Results: The OLR showed that being female (OR = 0.383; p < 0.0001), parental monitoring (OR = 0.587; p = 0.0201), and religiousness (OR = 0.476; p = 0.006) are significant inhibitors of cannabis consumption. On the other hand, parental tolerance to substance use (OR = 42.01; p < 0.0001) and having close peers that consume substances (OR = 5.60; p < 0.0001) act as enablers. The FsQCA allowed for fitting the linkages between the factors from a complementary perspective. (1) The coverage (cov) and consistency (cons) attained by the explanatory solutions of use (cons = 0.808; cov = 0.357) are clearly lower than those obtained by the recipes for nonuse (cons = 0.952; cov = 0.869). (2) The interaction of being male, having a tolerant family to substance use, and peer attitudes toward substances are continuously present in the profiles that are linked to a risk of cannabis smoking. (3) The most important recipe that explains resistance to cannabis is simply parental disagreement with substance consumption. Conclusions: On the one hand, the results of the OLR allow for determining the strength of an evaluated risk or protective factors according to the value of the OR. On the other hand, the fsQCA allows for the identification not only of profiles where there is a high risk of cannabis use, but also profiles where there is a low risk.
    Thematic Areas: Leadership and management Health policy & services Health policy Health information management Health informatics Health care sciences & services
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: angel.belzunegui@urv.cat jorge.deandres@urv.cat jorge.deandres@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-6355-1593 0000-0002-7715-779X 0000-0002-7715-779X
    Record's date: 2024-06-22
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9025184/
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Healthcare (Basel). 10 (4):
    APA: Andres-Sanchez Jd; Belzunegui-Eraso A (2022). Explaining Cannabis Use by Adolescents: A Comparative Assessment of Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Ordered Logistic Regression. Healthcare (Basel), 10(4), -. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040669
    Article's DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040669
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Health Care Sciences & Services,Health Informatics,Health Information Management,Health Policy,Health Policy & Services,Leadership and Management
    Substance use
    Regresión borrosa
    Ordered logistic regression
    Fuzzy set theory
    Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis
    Consumo en adolescencia
    Cannabis use
    Cannabinoides
    Boolean functions
    Adolescence
    substance use
    risk
    religious involvement
    protective factors
    peers
    ordered logistic regression
    marijuana use
    latino
    fuzzy set theory
    fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis
    drug-use
    cannabis use
    boolean functions
    behaviors
    alcohol
    Leadership and management
    Health policy & services
    Health policy
    Health information management
    Health informatics
    Health care sciences & services
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