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Palaeoecological reconstructions of the Middle to Late Pleistocene occupations in the Southern Caucasus using rodent assemblages

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9262212
  • Authors:

    Rey-Rodriguez, I
    Lopez-Garcia, JM
    Stoetzel, E
    Denys, C
    Arnaud, J
    Parfitt, S
    Fernandez-Jalvo, Y
    King, T
    Archaeological And Anthropological Sciences
    10.1007/s12520-022-01555-w
    Archaeological And Anthropological Sciences. 14 (5):
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Rey-Rodriguez, I; Lopez-Garcia, JM; Stoetzel, E; Denys, C; Arnaud, J; Parfitt, S; Fernandez-Jalvo, Y; King, T
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: López García, Juan Manuel / REY RODRÍGUEZ, IVÁN
    Keywords: Taxonomy Taphonomy Site Rodentia Quaternary Qesem cave Palaeoenvironment Palaeoclimate Nesher ramla Morphology Microvertebrates Mammalia rodentia Evolution Cricetidae
    Abstract: Located at the crossroads between Africa, Europe and Asia, the Southern Caucasus is a prime location to study occupations by H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis and anatomically modern humans. Azokh Cave is an important site for the understanding of human evolution in its archaeological, palaeontological, environmental and ecological context. The main objective of this work is to use rodents to infer the climatic and environmental conditions that prevailed during the formation of the site. The small-mammal remains come from the archaeological excavation campaigns carried out in Azokh 1 in 2003, 2005, 2014, 2015 and 2018; they are from Unit V, Units III-IV and Unit II. The small-mammal assemblage is composed of at least 13 taxa: seven arvicoline, two cricetine, two gerbilline, one dipodid and one murine species. Units III-IV do not yield enough material to draw palaeoclimatic inferences. The palaeoclimatic conditions for Units V and II, ascertained by means of the bioclimatic model, suggest temperatures and precipitation similar to nowadays; the climate seems to be relatively warmtemperate in both units. The palaeoenvironmental reconstruction by means of habitat weighting points to an environment mainly composed of desert and steppe habitats, as well as portions of grassland and forest. This interpretation differs from that inferred from the large-mammal and archaeobotanical data, which indicate a woodland environment. These differences could be explained by the origin of the accumulation. There was no evidence of a major palaeoenvironmental or palaeoclimatic change between the Middle and Late Pleistocene layers, indicating favourable conditions throughout the study period.
    Thematic Areas: Historia Geosciences, multidisciplinary Geociências Ciencias sociales Ciencias humanas Archeology (arts and humanities) Archeology Archaeology Antropologia / arqueologia Antropología Anthropology
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: juanmanuel.lopez@urv.cat
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-022-01555-w
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Archaeological And Anthropological Sciences. 14 (5):
    APA: Rey-Rodriguez, I; Lopez-Garcia, JM; Stoetzel, E; Denys, C; Arnaud, J; Parfitt, S; Fernandez-Jalvo, Y; King, T (2022). Palaeoecological reconstructions of the Middle to Late Pleistocene occupations in the Southern Caucasus using rodent assemblages. Archaeological And Anthropological Sciences, 14(5), -. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-022-01555-w
    Article's DOI: 10.1007/s12520-022-01555-w
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Anthropology,Archaeology,Archeology,Archeology (Arts and Humanities),Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
    Taxonomy
    Taphonomy
    Site
    Rodentia
    Quaternary
    Qesem cave
    Palaeoenvironment
    Palaeoclimate
    Nesher ramla
    Morphology
    Microvertebrates
    Mammalia rodentia
    Evolution
    Cricetidae
    Historia
    Geosciences, multidisciplinary
    Geociências
    Ciencias sociales
    Ciencias humanas
    Archeology (arts and humanities)
    Archeology
    Archaeology
    Antropologia / arqueologia
    Antropología
    Anthropology
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