Articles producció científica> Psicologia

Self-assessment of individual differences in language switching

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9286585
  • Authors:

    Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni
    Kraemer, Ulrike M.
    Lorenzo-Seve, Urbano
    Festman, Julia
    Muente, Thomas F.
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Kraemer, Ulrike M.; Lorenzo-Seve, Urbano; Festman, Julia; Muente, Thomas F.;
    Department: Psicologia
    URV's Author/s: Lorenzo Seva, Urbano
    Keywords: Activation Bilingualism Bilinguals Brain Cognitive control Cost Executive control Interference Methodologies Model Natural language switching Psychometric Speech Young
    Abstract: Language switching is omnipresent in bilingual individuals. In fact, the ability to switch languages (code switching) is a very fast, efficient, and flexible process that seems to be a fundamental aspect of bilingual language processing. In this study, we aimed to characterize psychometrically self-perceived individual differences in language switching and to create a reliable measure of this behavioral pattern by introducing a bilingual switching questionnaire. As a working hypothesis based on the previous literature about code switching, we decomposed language switching into four constructs: (i) L1 switching tendencies (the tendency to switch to L1; L1-switch); (ii) L2 switching tendencies (L2-switch); (iii) contextual switch, which indexes the frequency of switches usually triggered by a particular situation, topic, or environment; and (iv) unintended switch, which measures the lack of intention and awareness of the language switches. A total of 582 Spanish-Catalan bilingual university students were studied. Twelve items were selected (three for each construct). The correlation matrix was factor-analyzed using minimum rank factor analysis followed by oblique direct oblimin rotation. The overall proportion of common variance explained by the four extracted factors was 0.86. Finally, to assess the external validity of the individual differences scored with the new questionnaire, we evaluated the correlations between these measures and several psychometric (language proficiency) and behavioral measures related to cognitive and attentional control. The present study highlights the importance of evaluating individual differences in language switching using self-assessment instruments when studying the interface between cognitive control and bilingualism.
    Thematic Areas: Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo Artes Astronomia / física Biodiversidade Biotecnología Ciência da computação Ciências agrárias i Ciências ambientais Ciências biológicas i Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas iii Ciencias sociales Economia Educação Educação física Enfermagem Engenharias iv Ensino Filosofía General psychology Interdisciplinar Linguística e literatura Medicina i Medicina ii Nutrição Psicología Psychology Psychology (all) Psychology (miscellaneous) Psychology, multidisciplinary Saúde coletiva
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: urbano.lorenzo@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0001-5369-3099
    Record's date: 2023-02-19
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00388/full
    Papper original source: Frontiers In Psychology. 3 (JAN):
    APA: Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Kraemer, Ulrike M.; Lorenzo-Seve, Urbano; Festman, Julia; Muente, Thomas F.; (2012). Self-assessment of individual differences in language switching. Frontiers In Psychology, 3(JAN), -. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00388
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Article's DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00388
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2012
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Psychology (Miscellaneous),Psychology, Multidisciplinary
    Activation
    Bilingualism
    Bilinguals
    Brain
    Cognitive control
    Cost
    Executive control
    Interference
    Methodologies
    Model
    Natural language switching
    Psychometric
    Speech
    Young
    Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo
    Artes
    Astronomia / física
    Biodiversidade
    Biotecnología
    Ciência da computação
    Ciências agrárias i
    Ciências ambientais
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciencias sociales
    Economia
    Educação
    Educação física
    Enfermagem
    Engenharias iv
    Ensino
    Filosofía
    General psychology
    Interdisciplinar
    Linguística e literatura
    Medicina i
    Medicina ii
    Nutrição
    Psicología
    Psychology
    Psychology (all)
    Psychology (miscellaneous)
    Psychology, multidisciplinary
    Saúde coletiva
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