Articles producció científica> Bioquímica i Biotecnologia

Photoperiod Conditions Modulate Serum Oxylipins Levels in Healthy and Obese Rats: Impact of Proanthocyanidins and Gut Microbiota

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9291922
  • Authors:

    Arreaza-Gil, V
    Avila-Román, J
    Escobar-Martínez, I
    Muguerza, B
    Suárez, M
    Arola-Arnal, A
    Torres-Fuentes, C
    Nutrients
    10.3390/nu15030707
    Nutrients. 15 (3):
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Arreaza-Gil, V; Avila-Román, J; Escobar-Martínez, I; Muguerza, B; Suárez, M; Arola-Arnal, A; Torres-Fuentes, C
    Department: Bioquímica i Biotecnologia
    URV's Author/s: Arola Arnal, Anna / Arreaza Gil, Verónica / Ávila Román, Francisco Javier / Escobar Martínez, Ivan / Muguerza Marquínez, Maria Begoña / Suárez Recio, Manuel / Torres Fuentes, Cristina
    Keywords: Seasonal-variation Resolvins Obesity Gspe Cafeteria diet Biological rhythms weight resolvins profiles obesity metabolism mediators inflammation gspe clock cafeteria diet acid
    Abstract: Seasonal rhythms are emerging as a key factor influencing gut microbiota and bioactive compounds functionality as well as several physiological processes such as inflammation. In this regard, their impact on the modulation of oxylipins (OXLs), which are important lipid mediators of inflammatory processes, has not been investigated yet. Hence, we aimed to investigate the effects of photoperiods on OXLs metabolites in healthy and obesogenic conditions. Moreover, we evaluated if the impact of proanthocyanidins and gut microbiota on OXLs metabolism is influenced by photoperiod in obesity. To this purpose, Fischer 344 rats were housed under different photoperiod conditions (L6: 6 h light, L12: 12 h light or L18:18 h light) and fed either a standard chow diet (STD) or a cafeteria diet (CAF) for 9 weeks. During the last 4 weeks, obese rats were daily administered with an antibiotic cocktail (ABX), an oral dose of a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), or with their combination. CAF feeding and ABX treatment affected OXLs in a photoperiod dependent-manner. GSPE significantly altered prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels, only under L6 and mitigated ABX-mediated effects only under L18. In conclusion, photoperiods affect OXLs levels influenced by gut microbiota. This is the first time that the effects of photoperiod on OXLs metabolites have been demonstrated.
    Thematic Areas: Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros Saúde coletiva Química Psicología Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia Nutrition and dietetics Nutrition & dietetics Nutrição Medicina veterinaria Medicina iii Medicina ii Medicina i Interdisciplinar Food science Farmacia Engenharias iv Engenharias ii Enfermagem Educação física Economia Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Ciências agrárias i Ciência de alimentos Biotecnología
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: franciscojavier.avila@urv.cat ivan.escobar@estudiants.urv.cat veronica.arreaza@estudiants.urv.cat veronica.arreaza@estudiants.urv.cat manuel.suarez@urv.cat anna.arola@urv.cat begona.muguerza@urv.cat cristina.torres@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0001-9766-8178 0000-0002-8301-2095 0000-0002-8301-2095 0000-0003-0122-8253 0000-0001-6529-1345 0000-0001-7384-8588 0000-0002-2917-6910
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/15/3/707
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Nutrients. 15 (3):
    APA: Arreaza-Gil, V; Avila-Román, J; Escobar-Martínez, I; Muguerza, B; Suárez, M; Arola-Arnal, A; Torres-Fuentes, C (2023). Photoperiod Conditions Modulate Serum Oxylipins Levels in Healthy and Obese Rats: Impact of Proanthocyanidins and Gut Microbiota. Nutrients, 15(3), -. DOI: 10.3390/nu15030707
    Article's DOI: 10.3390/nu15030707
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2023
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Food Science,Nutrition & Dietetics,Nutrition and Dietetics
    Seasonal-variation
    Resolvins
    Obesity
    Gspe
    Cafeteria diet
    Biological rhythms
    weight
    resolvins
    profiles
    obesity
    metabolism
    mediators
    inflammation
    gspe
    clock
    cafeteria diet
    acid
    Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros
    Saúde coletiva
    Química
    Psicología
    Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia
    Nutrition and dietetics
    Nutrition & dietetics
    Nutrição
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina iii
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Interdisciplinar
    Food science
    Farmacia
    Engenharias iv
    Engenharias ii
    Enfermagem
    Educação física
    Economia
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências agrárias i
    Ciência de alimentos
    Biotecnología
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