Articles producció científica> Història i Història de l'Art

The Western European Acheulean: Reading variability at a regional scale

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9295690
  • Authors:

    Garcia-Medrano, P
    Moncel, MH
    Maldonado-Garrido, E
    Olle, A
    Ashton, N
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Garcia-Medrano, P; Moncel, MH; Maldonado-Garrido, E; Olle, A; Ashton, N
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: Ollé Cañellas, Andreu
    Keywords: Middle pleistocene Lithic technology Handaxes Gran dolina atapuerca Geometric morphometrics raw-material paleolithic site northwest europe middle pleistocene lithic technology human occupation handaxes handaxe reduction gesher benot yaaqov geometric morphometrics earliest occupation chaine-operatoire
    Abstract: In the context of the Western European Acheulean Project, this study aims to characterize Acheulean technology in Western Europe through the analysis of handaxes and cleavers from 10 key sites (Britain 4, France 4, and Spain 2) to acquire a regional view of the occupation. The historically different systems used to categorize and analyze the data have made it difficult to compare results. Here we apply a unified and simple method (Western European Acheulean Project) that combines the traditional technological and metrical analysis of assemblages containing handaxes and cleavers with an in-depth geometric morphometric approach using three-dimensional models. This approach allows us to achieve a regional interpretation that identifies innovations through time and shaping strategies across the area. Our findings indicate the existence of two main technological groups in the sampled record: 1) northwestern and central France and Britain, from MIS 17/16 to MIS 11, and 2) Atlantic edge (Atapuerca in Spain and Menez-Dregan in France), from MIS 12/11 to MIS 8. Based on our technological analysis, the shaping of handaxes and cleavers was developed through time as a continuum of accumulative actions, with longer and more complex shaping strategies over time. Shaping technology shows traditions of manufacture over both time and geographical areas, which suggest cultural diffusion. Our geometric morphometric analysis further helped to identify not only general trends but also local adaptations in handaxe forms. Based on our findings, there were no apparent sudden innovations, but rather the application and development of specific techniques to refine size and shape.
    Thematic Areas: Psicología Odontología Medicina ii Historia Geociências General medicine Evolutionary biology Engenharias iv Engenharias ii Education Educação física Ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics Ciencias sociales Ciencias humanas Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Biology, miscellaneous Biodiversidade Astronomia / física Arts and humanities (miscellaneous) Archaeology Antropologia / arqueologia Antropología Anthropology
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: andreu.olle@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-8643-5536
    Record's date: 2023-12-17
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37060623/
    Papper original source: Journal Of Human Evolution. 179 103357-
    APA: Garcia-Medrano, P; Moncel, MH; Maldonado-Garrido, E; Olle, A; Ashton, N (2023). The Western European Acheulean: Reading variability at a regional scale. Journal Of Human Evolution, 179(), 103357-. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2023.103357
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Article's DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2023.103357
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2023
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Anthropology,Arts and Humanities (Miscellaneous),Biology, Miscellaneous,Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics,Education,Evolutionary Biology
    Middle pleistocene
    Lithic technology
    Handaxes
    Gran dolina atapuerca
    Geometric morphometrics
    raw-material
    paleolithic site
    northwest europe
    middle pleistocene
    lithic technology
    human occupation
    handaxes
    handaxe reduction
    gesher benot yaaqov
    geometric morphometrics
    earliest occupation
    chaine-operatoire
    Psicología
    Odontología
    Medicina ii
    Historia
    Geociências
    General medicine
    Evolutionary biology
    Engenharias iv
    Engenharias ii
    Education
    Educação física
    Ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics
    Ciencias sociales
    Ciencias humanas
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências ambientais
    Biology, miscellaneous
    Biodiversidade
    Astronomia / física
    Arts and humanities (miscellaneous)
    Archaeology
    Antropologia / arqueologia
    Antropología
    Anthropology
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