Articles producció científica> Història i Història de l'Art

Early Neolithic human remains from Galería del Sílex in Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9326657
  • Authors:

    Molina-Almansa A
    Conde-Valverde M
    Ortega AI
    García-González R
    Rodríguez L
    Alday A
    Iriarte E
    Domingo S
    Arsuaga JL
    Bermúdez de Castro JM
    Carbonell E
    Carretero JM
    Martínez I
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Molina-Almansa A; Conde-Valverde M; Ortega AI; García-González R; Rodríguez L; Alday A; Iriarte E; Domingo S; Arsuaga JL; Bermúdez de Castro JM; Carbonell E; Carretero JM; Martínez I
    Department: Història i Història de l'Art
    URV's Author/s: Carbonell Roura, Eudald / CARRETERO BELLÓN, JUAN MANUEL
    Keywords: Spain Radiocarbon ages Mortuary behavior Early neolithic Early farmers Bioarchaeology Atapuerca transition spain radiocarbon ages radiocarbon mortuary behavior communities cave bioarchaeology atapuerca
    Abstract: We present new datings and a new anthropological study of Early Neolithic human remains found in Galería del Sílex in 1979. This gallery is part of the Cueva Mayor system in the Sierra de Atapuerca. The human fossils attributed to the Neolithic period correspond to a minimum number of three individuals that have been radiocarbon dated to the last third of the 6th millennium cal BCE. Thus, the fossils from Galería del Sílex are among the oldest Neolithic human remains in the interior of the Iberian Peninsula. The human remains from Galería del Sílex were not found within a domestic context of human occupation of the cave, but rather within two pits (simas) located more than three hundred meters from the ancient entrance. This suggests that Galería del Sílex could have been an area reserved for depositing deceased humans during the Early Neolithic. Given the scarcity of this kind of funerary cave in the Spanish northern plateau during the Early Neolithic, the data from the Galería del Sílex add to our knowledge of human mortuary behavior during this period. In addition to the Galería del Sílex, there are two other well-known Neolithic sites in Sierra de Atapuerca: El Portalón in Cueva Mayor, which was a human occupation site, and Cueva del Mirador, which was used for livestock stabling and exploitation. Considered altogether, the emerging evidence provided by these three sites makes Sierra de Atapuerca increasingly relevant as a source of information about Early Neolithic people from the interior of the Iberian Peninsula.
    Thematic Areas: Interdisciplinar Historia y filosofía de la ciencia Historia Global and planetary change Geosciences, multidisciplinary Geosciences, interdisciplinary Geology Geography, physical Geociências Ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics Ciencias sociales Ciencias humanas Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Ciências agrárias i Biotecnología Biodiversidade Archeology (arts and humanities) Archeology Archaeology
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: eudald.carbonell@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0001-6306-3621
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379123003049?via%3Dihub
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Quaternary Science Reviews. 315
    APA: Molina-Almansa A; Conde-Valverde M; Ortega AI; García-González R; Rodríguez L; Alday A; Iriarte E; Domingo S; Arsuaga JL; Bermúdez de Castro JM; Carbo (2023). Early Neolithic human remains from Galería del Sílex in Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain. Quaternary Science Reviews, 315(), -. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2023.108256
    Article's DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2023.108256
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2023
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Archeology,Archeology (Arts and Humanities),Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics,Geography, Physical,Geology,Geosciences, Interdisciplinary,Geosciences, Multidisciplinary,Global and Planetary Change
    Spain
    Radiocarbon ages
    Mortuary behavior
    Early neolithic
    Early farmers
    Bioarchaeology
    Atapuerca
    transition
    spain
    radiocarbon ages
    radiocarbon
    mortuary behavior
    communities
    cave
    bioarchaeology
    atapuerca
    Interdisciplinar
    Historia y filosofía de la ciencia
    Historia
    Global and planetary change
    Geosciences, multidisciplinary
    Geosciences, interdisciplinary
    Geology
    Geography, physical
    Geociências
    Ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics
    Ciencias sociales
    Ciencias humanas
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências ambientais
    Ciências agrárias i
    Biotecnología
    Biodiversidade
    Archeology (arts and humanities)
    Archeology
    Archaeology
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