Articles producció científica> Història i Història de l'Art

The emergence and significance of heavy-duty scrapers in ancient stone toolkits

  • Datos identificativos

    Identificador: imarina:5133220
    Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11797/imarina5133220
  • Autores:

    Barsky, Deborah
    Verges, Josep-Maria
    Titton, Stefania
    Guardiola, Miguel
    Sala, Robert
    Toro Moyano, Isidro
  • Otros:

    Autor según el artículo: Barsky, Deborah; Verges, Josep-Maria; Titton, Stefania; Guardiola, Miguel; Sala, Robert; Toro Moyano, Isidro;
    Departamento: Història i Història de l'Art
    Autor/es de la URV: Sala Ramos, Robert / Vergès Bosch, Josep Maria
    Palabras clave: Typology Tecnologia lítica Technology Stone tools Rostro-carene Paleoecologia humana Oldowan Heavy-duty scraper Evolució humana Acheulian
    Resumen: Heavy-duty scrapers are documented as a specific morphotype in ancient African and Eurasian toolkits from the Oldowan into the Acheulian. They are characterized by a flat platform perpendicularly oriented to a carinated edge. The convex surface of that edge displays semi-peripheral, unidirectional removals associated with steep retouch and/or crush marks. This morphotype has been described from numerous sites covering a long temporal scale and are diversely referred to in French as "rostro-carénés" or "nucléus-racloirs" and in English as "massive scrapers", "core scrapers", "large scrapers", or "heavy end-scrapers". Morpho-technological definitions and interpretations are reviewed to track the origin and evolution of heavy-duty scrapers over time and space. Results show that tools referred to as heavy-duty scrapers were made on thick cobbles during the Oldowan, and later, at the onset of the Acheulian, on Large Flakes, while smaller-sized items in Late Acheulian sites assume end-scraper morphologies. But should all of these tools really be grouped under a single denomination? Experimental work explores whether heavy-duty scrapers are the result of knapping processes, or if their morphology could be derived from other kinds of activities. Chronological continuity of the attributes specific to heavy-duty scrapers points to their role in ancient toolkits, suggesting that these scarce but ubiquitous primitive implements are, on equal footing with chopper-cores, one of the oldest morphotypes in the world.
    Áreas temáticas: Paleontology Geociências Ciências biológicas i Biodiversidade
    ISSN: 16310683
    Direcció de correo del autor: josepmaria.verges@urv.cat robert.sala@urv.cat
    Identificador del autor: 0000-0002-7168-824X
    Fecha de alta del registro: 2023-02-18
    Versión del articulo depositado: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Enlace a la fuente original: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631068317301112
    URL Documento de licencia: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Referencia al articulo segun fuente origial: Comptes Rendus Palevol. 17 (3): 201-219
    Referencia de l'ítem segons les normes APA: Barsky, Deborah; Verges, Josep-Maria; Titton, Stefania; Guardiola, Miguel; Sala, Robert; Toro Moyano, Isidro; (2018). The emergence and significance of heavy-duty scrapers in ancient stone toolkits. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 17(3), 201-219. DOI: 10.1016/j.crpv.2017.09.002
    DOI del artículo: 10.1016/j.crpv.2017.09.002
    Entidad: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Año de publicación de la revista: 2018
    Tipo de publicación: Journal Publications
  • Palabras clave:

    Paleontology
    Typology
    Tecnologia lítica
    Technology
    Stone tools
    Rostro-carene
    Paleoecologia humana
    Oldowan
    Heavy-duty scraper
    Evolució humana
    Acheulian
    Paleontology
    Geociências
    Ciências biológicas i
    Biodiversidade
  • Documentos:

  • Cerca a google

    Search to google scholar