Articles producció científica> Enginyeria Química

The impacts of the European chemical industry on the planetary boundaries

  • Datos identificativos

    Identificador: imarina:9351728
    Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11797/imarina9351728
  • Autores:

    Barnosell, I
    Pozo, C
  • Otros:

    Autor según el artículo: Barnosell, I; Pozo, C
    Departamento: Enginyeria Química
    Autor/es de la URV: Pozo Fernández, Carlos
    Palabras clave: Tipping points Technologies Sustainability Planetary boundaries Life-cycle assessment Life cycle assessment Lca Framework Footprints Environmental impacts Decision-making Climate change Chemical industry Carbon capture Carbon Absolute sustainability
    Resumen: The European chemical industry plays a crucial role in the economy, manufacturing thousands of products that find applications across many sectors. On the other hand, the sector is also one of the largest energy consumers, and emits significant amounts of greenhouse gases, together with toxic, bioaccumulative and persistent chemicals. Acknowledging the need for a shift towards a greener industry model, this contribution assesses the absolute sustainability level of the chemical sector by contrasting the impacts it causes with the ecological capacity of the planet, as given by the planetary boundaries framework. Results indicate that impacts incurred by the European chemical industry transgress CO2-based thresholds significantly, with burdens on atmospheric CO2 concentration, energy imbalance, and ocean acidification being 15, 16 and 6 times larger than planetary limits. The biosphere integrity boundary, assessed here based on functional diversity, is also transgressed by 3 %. The five chemicals with the highest production volume, namely ammonia, polypropylene, high-density polyethylene, styrene, and benzene, are responsible for around 50 % of impacts in all the planetary boundaries. This suggests that they should be the target of dedicated research and policies. Finally, the study assesses a set of improvement pathways for the European chemical industry to become sustainable. It is found that the deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies to compensate for the greenhouse gases emitted by the sector would allow the chemical industry to meet all the planetary boundaries concurrently, yet burden-shifting would still cause other planetary boundaries to be deteriorated. This evidences the need to employ holistic approaches to assess the wide implications of any solution adopted within or outside the chemical industry.
    Áreas temáticas: Renewable energy, sustainability and the environment Materiais Interdisciplinar Industrial and manufacturing engineering Green & sustainable science & technology Environmental studies Environmental engineering Environmental chemistry Engenharias iii Ciências ambientais Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo
    Acceso a la licencia de uso: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Direcció de correo del autor: carlos.pozo@urv.cat
    Fecha de alta del registro: 2024-02-10
    Versión del articulo depositado: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Enlace a la fuente original: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352550923002816
    Referencia al articulo segun fuente origial: Sustainable Production And Consumption. 44 188-207
    Referencia de l'ítem segons les normes APA: Barnosell, I; Pozo, C (2023). The impacts of the European chemical industry on the planetary boundaries. Sustainable Production And Consumption, 44(), 188-207. DOI: 10.1016/j.spc.2023.12.006
    URL Documento de licencia: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    DOI del artículo: 10.1016/j.spc.2023.12.006
    Entidad: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Año de publicación de la revista: 2023
    Tipo de publicación: Journal Publications
  • Palabras clave:

    Environmental Chemistry,Environmental Engineering,Environmental Studies,Green & Sustainable Science & Technology,Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    Tipping points
    Technologies
    Sustainability
    Planetary boundaries
    Life-cycle assessment
    Life cycle assessment
    Lca
    Framework
    Footprints
    Environmental impacts
    Decision-making
    Climate change
    Chemical industry
    Carbon capture
    Carbon
    Absolute sustainability
    Renewable energy, sustainability and the environment
    Materiais
    Interdisciplinar
    Industrial and manufacturing engineering
    Green & sustainable science & technology
    Environmental studies
    Environmental engineering
    Environmental chemistry
    Engenharias iii
    Ciências ambientais
    Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo
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