Articles producció científica> Bioquímica i Biotecnologia

Assessment of risk factors and test performance on malnutrition prevalence at admission using four different screening tools.

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:3646388
  • Authors:

    Olivares, Josefina
    Ayala, Luis
    Salas-Salvado, Jordi
    Muniz, Ma Jose
    Gamundi, Antoni
    Martinez-Indart, Lorea
    Masmiquel L, Lluis
    Nutricion Hospitalaria
    10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7120
    Nutricion Hospitalaria. 29 (3): 674-680
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Olivares, Josefina; Ayala, Luis; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Muniz, Ma Jose; Gamundi, Antoni; Martinez-Indart, Lorea; Masmiquel L, Lluis;
    Department: Bioquímica i Biotecnologia
    URV's Author/s: Salas Salvadó, Jorge
    Keywords: Prevalence Morbidity Malnutrition Chronic disease
    Abstract: Malnutrition is very common in patients when admitted to the hospital. The aim of the present study was: a) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition at admission in a tertiary care hospital and identify risk factors for malnutrition, and b) to test the sensitivity and specificity of different screening tests for malnutrition compared to subjective global assessment (SGA).We conducted a prospective study at 24h of admission in order to assess malnutrition in 537 adult subjects (56.4% males, mean age of 61.3±17.7 years) using 4 different screening tools: mininutritional assessment short form (MNA-SF), nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS2002), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST), and SGA. Anthropometrics and co-morbidities were registered.The overall rate of undernutrition was 47.3%. Specific rates were 54.2% in patients > 65y vs. 40.7% < 65y (p = 0.002) and 63.4% in medical vs. 34.0% surgical department (p < 0.001). Identified risk factors of malnutrition at admission were: the presence of heart disease (OR 1.74 CI 95% 1.16-2.60 p = 0.007) for MNASF (AUC 0.62); liver disease (OR 4.45 CI 95% 1.9410.22 p < 0.001), > 65y (OR 2.10 CI 95% 1.19-3.93 p = 0.011), medicine department (OR 3.58 CI 95% 1.93-6.62 p < 0.001) for SGA (AUC 0.96); lung disease (OR 3.34 CI 95% 1.45-7.73 p = 0.005), medicine department (OR 2.55 CI 95%1.09-5.98 p = 0.032) for NRS 2002 (AUC 0.97). Recent unintentional weight loss was a common factor.Undernourishment at hospital admission is frequent. Comorbidities may contribute to the presence of undernutrition at admission. Nonetheless, SGA, NRS2002, MNA-SF or MUST can be used in our setting.Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.
    Thematic Areas: Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros Saúde coletiva Química Psicología Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia Odontología Nutrition and dietetics Nutrition & dietetics Nutrição Medicine (miscellaneous) Medicina veterinaria Medicina iii Medicina ii Medicina i Interdisciplinar Historia Geociências Farmacia Engenharias iii Engenharias ii Enfermagem Educação física Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Ciências ambientais Ciências agrárias i Ciência de alimentos Biotecnología Biodiversidade Administração, ciências contábeis e turismo
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: jordi.salas@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0003-2700-7459
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24559014/
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Nutricion Hospitalaria. 29 (3): 674-680
    APA: Olivares, Josefina; Ayala, Luis; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Muniz, Ma Jose; Gamundi, Antoni; Martinez-Indart, Lorea; Masmiquel L, Lluis; (2014). Assessment of risk factors and test performance on malnutrition prevalence at admission using four different screening tools.. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 29(3), 674-680. DOI: 10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7120
    Article's DOI: 10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7120
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2014
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Medicine (Miscellaneous),Nutrition & Dietetics,Nutrition and Dietetics
    Prevalence
    Morbidity
    Malnutrition
    Chronic disease
    Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros
    Saúde coletiva
    Química
    Psicología
    Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia
    Odontología
    Nutrition and dietetics
    Nutrition & dietetics
    Nutrição
    Medicine (miscellaneous)
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina iii
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Interdisciplinar
    Historia
    Geociências
    Farmacia
    Engenharias iii
    Engenharias ii
    Enfermagem
    Educação física
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Ciências ambientais
    Ciências agrárias i
    Ciência de alimentos
    Biotecnología
    Biodiversidade
    Administração, ciências contábeis e turismo
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