Articles producció científica> Economia

Gender differences in competition: gender equality and cost reduction policies

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:5873943
    Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11797/imarina5873943
  • Authors:

    Osório A
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Osório A
    Department: Economia
    URV's Author/s: Osório da Costa, António Miguel
    Keywords: Work Women participation Performance Opportunity laws J78 J16 Housework Household labor Gender equality Family Employment Efficiency Division-of-labor D63 Cost reduction policies Conflict C72 Affirmative-action Affirmative action
    Abstract: © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. This paper investigates the implications of the unequal division of the domestic labor in men and women’s participation and effort incentives in competitive relations, in which the labor market is the main example. We found that moderate levels of affirmative action (i.e., bias in favor of women) incentivize men and women to exert more effort and women’s participation. However, it cannot guarantee full participation and equal effort among men and women without inducing economic inefficiency or even distorting the labor market. Given these limitations, we consider the effects of an alternative policy that supports the men’s involvement in the domestic tasks. The main conclusion is that if we want men and women to have the same opportunities in the labor market, we must solve the household problem first. While women hold a larger share of the domestic labor, they are in a weaker position to compete with men. We expect that our findings will guide researchers and decision-makers implementing effective policies that can allow men and women to have the same labor market opportunities.
    Thematic Areas: General economics,econometrics and finance Economics, econometrics and finance (miscellaneous) Economics, econometrics and finance (all) Economics Ciencias sociales
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    ISSN: 14344742
    Author's mail: antonio.osoriodacosta@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0003-3376-0164
    Record's date: 2023-02-18
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10058-019-00219-x
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Review Of Economic Design. 23 (1-2): 27-52
    APA: Osório A (2019). Gender differences in competition: gender equality and cost reduction policies. Review Of Economic Design, 23(1-2), 27-52. DOI: 10.1007/s10058-019-00219-x
    Article's DOI: 10.1007/s10058-019-00219-x
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2019
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Economics,Economics, Econometrics and Finance (Miscellaneous)
    Work
    Women participation
    Performance
    Opportunity laws
    J78
    J16
    Housework
    Household labor
    Gender equality
    Family
    Employment
    Efficiency
    Division-of-labor
    D63
    Cost reduction policies
    Conflict
    C72
    Affirmative-action
    Affirmative action
    General economics,econometrics and finance
    Economics, econometrics and finance (miscellaneous)
    Economics, econometrics and finance (all)
    Economics
    Ciencias sociales
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