Articles producció científica> Medicina i Cirurgia

Early Rhythm-Control Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:8997256
  • Authors:

    Kirchhof P
    Camm AJ
    Goette A
    Brandes A
    Eckardt L
    Elvan A
    Fetsch T
    van Gelder IC
    Haase D
    Haegeli LM
    Hamann F
    Heidbüchel H
    Hindricks G
    Kautzner J
    Kuck KH
    Mont L
    Ng GA
    Rekosz J
    Schoen N
    Schotten U
    Suling A
    Taggeselle J
    Themistoclakis S
    Vettorazzi E
    Vardas P
    Wegscheider K
    Willems S
    Crijns HJGM
    Breithardt G
    EAST-AFNET 4 Trial Investigators
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Kirchhof P; Camm AJ; Goette A; Brandes A; Eckardt L; Elvan A; Fetsch T; van Gelder IC; Haase D; Haegeli LM; Hamann F; Heidbüchel H; Hindricks G; Kautzner J; Kuck KH; Mont L; Ng GA; Rekosz J; Schoen N; Schotten U; Suling A; Taggeselle J; Themistoclakis S; Vettorazzi E; Vardas P; Wegscheider K; Willems S; Crijns HJGM; Breithardt G; EAST-AFNET 4 Trial Investigators
    Department: Medicina i Cirurgia
    URV's Author/s: Alegret Colomé, Josep Maria
    Keywords: Stroke Safety Risk Management Guidelines Dronedarone Death Catheter ablation
    Abstract: BackgroundDespite improvements in the management of atrial fibrillation, patients with this condition remain at increased risk for cardiovascular complications. It is unclear whether early rhythm-control therapy can reduce this risk. MethodsIn this international, investigator-initiated, parallel-group, open, blinded-outcome-assessment trial, we randomly assigned patients who had early atrial fibrillation (diagnosed <= 1 year before enrollment) and cardiovascular conditions to receive either early rhythm control or usual care. Early rhythm control included treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs or atrial fibrillation ablation after randomization. Usual care limited rhythm control to the management of atrial fibrillation-related symptoms. The first primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, stroke, or hospitalization with worsening of heart failure or acute coronary syndrome; the second primary outcome was the number of nights spent in the hospital per year. The primary safety outcome was a composite of death, stroke, or serious adverse events related to rhythm-control therapy. Secondary outcomes, including symptoms and left ventricular function, were also evaluated. ResultsIn 135 centers, 2789 patients with early atrial fibrillation (median time since diagnosis, 36 days) underwent randomization. The trial was stopped for efficacy at the third interim analysis after a median of 5.1 years of follow-up per patient. A first-primary-outcome event occurred in 249 of the patients assigned to early rhythm control (3.9 per 100 person-years) and in 316 patients assigned to usual care (5.0 per 100 person-years) (hazard ratio, 0.79; 96% confidence interval, 0.66 to 0.94; P=0.005). The mean (SD) number of nights spent in the hospital did not differ significantly between the groups (5.821.9 and 5.1 +/- 15.5 days per year, respectively; P=0.23). The percentage of patients with a primary safety outcome event did not differ significantly between the groups; serious adverse events related to rhythm-control therapy occurred in 4.9% of the patients assigned to early rhythm control and 1.4% of the patients assigned to usual care. Symptoms and left ventricular function at 2 years did not differ significantly between the groups. Conclusions Early rhythm-control therapy was associated with a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes than usual care among patients with early atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular conditions. (Funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research and others; EAST-AFNET 4 ISRCTN number, ISRCTN04708680; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01288352; EudraCT number, 2010-021258-20.) In this multicenter, randomized trial comparing early rhythm control with usual care in patients with early atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular conditions, early rhythm control reduced the rate of death from cardiovascular causes and cardiovascular complications and did not affect the number of nights in the hospital.
    Thematic Areas: Saúde coletiva Psicología Odontología Medicine, general & internal Medicine (miscellaneous) Medicine (all) Medicina veterinaria Medicina iii Medicina ii Medicina i Interdisciplinar General o multidisciplinar General medicine Farmacia Ensino Engenharias iv Educação física Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Biotecnología
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: josepmaria.alegret@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-6117-5512
    Record's date: 2024-02-10
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa2019422
    Papper original source: New England Journal Of Medicine. 383 (14): 1305-1316
    APA: Kirchhof P; Camm AJ; Goette A; Brandes A; Eckardt L; Elvan A; Fetsch T; van Gelder IC; Haase D; Haegeli LM; Hamann F; Heidbüchel H; Hindricks G; Kautz (2020). Early Rhythm-Control Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. New England Journal Of Medicine, 383(14), 1305-1316. DOI: 10.1056/nejmoa2019422
    Licence document URL: https://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Article's DOI: 10.1056/nejmoa2019422
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2020
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Medicine (Miscellaneous),Medicine, General & Internal
    Stroke
    Safety
    Risk
    Management
    Guidelines
    Dronedarone
    Death
    Catheter ablation
    Saúde coletiva
    Psicología
    Odontología
    Medicine, general & internal
    Medicine (miscellaneous)
    Medicine (all)
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina iii
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Interdisciplinar
    General o multidisciplinar
    General medicine
    Farmacia
    Ensino
    Engenharias iv
    Educação física
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Biotecnología
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