Articles producció científica> Antropologia, Filosofia i Treball Social

The Shipibo Ceremonial Use of Ayahuasca to Promote Well-Being: An Observational Study

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9216847
  • Authors:

    Gonzalez, Debora
    Cantillo, Jordi
    Perez, Irene
    Carvalho, Maria
    Aronovich, Adam
    Farre, Magi
    Feilding, Amanda
    Obiols, Jordi E
    Bouso, Jose Carlos
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Gonzalez, Debora; Cantillo, Jordi; Perez, Irene; Carvalho, Maria; Aronovich, Adam; Farre, Magi; Feilding, Amanda; Obiols, Jordi E; Bouso, Jose Carlos
    Department: Antropologia, Filosofia i Treball Social
    URV's Author/s: Aronovich Staroselsky, Adam
    Keywords: Who quality of life spirituality, religiousness, and personal beliefs Who quality of life bref scale Well-being Traditional medicine The world health organization quality of life spirituality Statistical analysis Spiritual well-being Shipibo Religion Recurrent depression Rating scale Questionnaire Quality of life Psychological well-being Psychological well being scale Power Pearson test Oxford happiness questionnaire Observational study Mindfulness Male Human Hoasca Herbal medicine Happiness Follow up Female Decentering scale Controlled study Context Clinical outcome Ayahuasca Article Analysis of variance Aged Adult
    Abstract: Promoting well-being is one of the main goals to improve health in the world. We examined the well-being and quality of life over the course of one year in a sample that participated in an Indigenous Shipibo healing program where traditional healers work in a series of ayahuasca ceremonies. We also explored the role of decentering as a mediator of psychological well-being. Participants who attended the program responded to an online survey that included a Psychological Well-Being Scale; Oxford Happiness Questionnaire; The World Health Organization Quality of Life Spirituality, Religiousness, and Personal Beliefs scale; the WHO Quality of Life-BREF scale; and Decentering scale. Baseline (T0) and postassessment (T1) were completed by 200 individuals. Of these, 101 completed the follow-up assessment at three months (T2), 91 at 6 months (T3), and 94 at 12 months follow-up (T4) after leaving the center. ANOVA test was performed in a representative subsample to control the passing of time two months before attending the program (T-1). Pearson's test was performed to examine the relationship between psychological well-being and decentering during the period of T0 and T1. A significant increase was observed in all the scales at all time points (p <= 0.01). The subgroup analysis performed in a representative subsample allowed us to infer that the significant differences in outcomes are due to the effect of their stay at the center and not the passing of time. We found a relationship between decentering and the improvement of psychological well-being (r = 0.57; p < 0.01). Our results suggest that the Indigenous Shipibo healing work with ayahuasca has value to improve long-term well-being and quality of life for Westerners.
    Thematic Areas: Psicología Pharmacology (medical) Pharmacology & pharmacy Pharmacology Odontología Medicina veterinaria Medicina ii Medicina i Interdisciplinar Farmacia Ciências biológicas iii Ciências biológicas ii Ciências biológicas i Biotecnología Biodiversidade
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: adam.aronovich@estudiants.urv.cat
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/pharmacology/articles/10.3389/fphar.2021.623923/full
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Frontiers In Pharmacology. 12 (623923):
    APA: Gonzalez, Debora; Cantillo, Jordi; Perez, Irene; Carvalho, Maria; Aronovich, Adam; Farre, Magi; Feilding, Amanda; Obiols, Jordi E; Bouso, Jose Carlos (2021). The Shipibo Ceremonial Use of Ayahuasca to Promote Well-Being: An Observational Study. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 12(623923), -. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2021.623923
    Article's DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2021.623923
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2021
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Pharmacology,Pharmacology & Pharmacy,Pharmacology (Medical)
    Who quality of life spirituality, religiousness, and personal beliefs
    Who quality of life bref scale
    Well-being
    Traditional medicine
    The world health organization quality of life spirituality
    Statistical analysis
    Spiritual well-being
    Shipibo
    Religion
    Recurrent depression
    Rating scale
    Questionnaire
    Quality of life
    Psychological well-being
    Psychological well being scale
    Power
    Pearson test
    Oxford happiness questionnaire
    Observational study
    Mindfulness
    Male
    Human
    Hoasca
    Herbal medicine
    Happiness
    Follow up
    Female
    Decentering scale
    Controlled study
    Context
    Clinical outcome
    Ayahuasca
    Article
    Analysis of variance
    Aged
    Adult
    Psicología
    Pharmacology (medical)
    Pharmacology & pharmacy
    Pharmacology
    Odontología
    Medicina veterinaria
    Medicina ii
    Medicina i
    Interdisciplinar
    Farmacia
    Ciências biológicas iii
    Ciências biológicas ii
    Ciências biológicas i
    Biotecnología
    Biodiversidade
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