Articles producció científica> Medicina i Cirurgia

Changes in the Epidemiology of Diabetic Retinopathy in Spain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9280437
  • Authors:

    Romero-Aroca, Pedro
    Lopez-Galvez, Maribel
    Asuncion Martinez-Brocca, Maria
    Pareja-Rios, Alicia
    Artola, Sara
    Franch-Nadal, Josep
    Fernandez-Ballart, Joan
    Andonegui, Jose
    Baget-Bernaldiz, Marc
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Romero-Aroca, Pedro; Lopez-Galvez, Maribel; Asuncion Martinez-Brocca, Maria; Pareja-Rios, Alicia; Artola, Sara; Franch-Nadal, Josep; Fernandez-Ballart, Joan; Andonegui, Jose; Baget-Bernaldiz, Marc;
    Department: Medicina i Cirurgia Ciències Mèdiques Bàsiques
    URV's Author/s: Baget Bernaldiz, Marc / Fernández Ballart, Joan Domènech / Romero Aroca, Pedro
    Keywords: Systematic review Screening-program Screening Risk-factors Retinography Register Prevalence Meta-analysis Family physicians Epidemiology Disease Diabetic retinopathy prevalence Diabetic retinopathy incidence Diabetes mellitus
    Abstract: Background. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its changes in the last 20 years in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Spain. Methods. A systematic review with a meta-analysis was carried out on the studies published between 2001-2020 on the prevalence and incidence of DR and sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR) in Spain. The articles included were selected from four databases and publications of the Spanish Ministry of Health and Regional Health Care System (RHCS). The meta-analysis to determine heterogeneity and bias between studies was carried out with the MetaXL 4.0. Results. Since 2001, we have observed an increase in the detection of patients with DM, and at the same time, screening programs for RD have been launched; thus, we can deduce that the increase in the detection of patients with DM, many of them in the initial phases, far exceeds the increased detection of patients with DR. The prevalence of DR was higher between 2001 and 2008 with values of 28.85%. These values decreased over the following period between 2009 and 2020 with a mean of 15.28%. Similarly the STDR prevalence decrease from 3.67% to 1.92% after 2008. The analysis of the longitudinal studies determined that the annual DR incidence was 3.83%, and the STDR annual incidence was 0.41%. Conclusion. In Spain, for T2DM, the current prevalence of DR is 15.28% and 1.92% forSTDR. The annual incidence of DR is 3.83% and is 0.41% for STDR.
    Thematic Areas: Leadership and management Health policy & services Health policy Health information management Health informatics Health care sciences & services
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: marc.baget@urv.cat pedro.romero@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0002-7061-8987
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/10/7/1318
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Healthcare (Basel). 10 (7):
    APA: Romero-Aroca, Pedro; Lopez-Galvez, Maribel; Asuncion Martinez-Brocca, Maria; Pareja-Rios, Alicia; Artola, Sara; Franch-Nadal, Josep; Fernandez-Ballart (2022). Changes in the Epidemiology of Diabetic Retinopathy in Spain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Healthcare (Basel), 10(7), -. DOI: 10.3390/healthcare10071318
    Article's DOI: 10.3390/healthcare10071318
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Health Care Sciences & Services,Health Informatics,Health Information Management,Health Policy,Health Policy & Services,Leadership and Management
    Systematic review
    Screening-program
    Screening
    Risk-factors
    Retinography
    Register
    Prevalence
    Meta-analysis
    Family physicians
    Epidemiology
    Disease
    Diabetic retinopathy prevalence
    Diabetic retinopathy incidence
    Diabetes mellitus
    Leadership and management
    Health policy & services
    Health policy
    Health information management
    Health informatics
    Health care sciences & services
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