Articles producció científica> Psicologia

Model of psychosocial determinants of health in processes of social exclusion

  • Datos identificativos

    Identificador: imarina:9325763
    Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11797/imarina9325763
  • Autores:

    Cantos-Egea J
    Tous-Pallarés J
    Tierno-García JM
  • Otros:

    Autor según el artículo: Cantos-Egea J; Tous-Pallarés J; Tierno-García JM
    Departamento: Pedagogia Psicologia
    Autor/es de la URV: Tierno García, Juana María
    Palabras clave: Social exclusion Psychosocial determinants Psychological well-being Life events Health inequity Health psychosocial determinants psychological well-being health inequity health happiness
    Resumen: The substantial increase in the number of families facing social exclusion in Europe and its direct relationship with health inequities is a challenge for studies approaching the social determinants of health and policies dealing with welfare and social inclusion. We start from the premise that reducing inequality (SDG10), has a value and contributes on other goals such as improving health and well-being (SDG3), ensuring quality education (SDG4), promoting gender equality (SDG5) and decent work (SDG8). In this study, we identify disruptive risk factors and psychological and social well-being factors that influence self-perceived health in trajectories of social exclusion. The research materials used a checklist of exclusion patterns, life cycles and disruptive risk factors, Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Ryff’s Psychological Well-being (PWB) Scale and Keyes’ Social Well-being Scale. The sample consists of 210 people (aged between 16 and 64 years): 107 people in a situation of social inclusion and 103 people in a situation of social exclusion. The data treatment involved statistical analysis, including correlation study and multiple regression analysis, aimed at developing a model of psychosocial factors that may act as health modulators, considering social factors as predictors in the regression model. The results showed that individuals in the sample, in a situation of social exclusion, have a greater accumulation of disruptive risk factors, and these are related to having fewer psychosocial and cognitive resources to cope with stressful situations: less self-acceptance, less mastery of the environment, less purpose in life, less level of social integration and social acceptance. Finally, analysis showed that in the absence of social integration and purpose in life, self-perceived health statuses decline. This work allows us to use the model obtained as a basis for confirming that there are dimensions of psychological and social well-being that should be considered stress-buffering factors in trajectories of social exclusion. These findings can help design psychoeducational programs for prevention and intervention with the aim of improving psychological adjustment and health states, as well as to promote proactive and reactive policies to reduce health inequalities.
    Áreas temáticas: Saúde coletiva Public, environmental & occupational health Public health, environmental and occupational health Psicología Medicina i Interdisciplinar Farmacia Ciencias sociales Ciências biológicas iii
    Acceso a la licencia de uso: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Direcció de correo del autor: juanamaria.tierno@urv.cat
    Identificador del autor: 0000-0002-1027-7332
    Fecha de alta del registro: 2023-08-19
    Versión del articulo depositado: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Enlace a la fuente original: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1156569/full
    Referencia al articulo segun fuente origial: Frontiers In Public Health. 11
    Referencia de l'ítem segons les normes APA: Cantos-Egea J; Tous-Pallarés J; Tierno-García JM (2023). Model of psychosocial determinants of health in processes of social exclusion. Frontiers In Public Health, 11(), -. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1156569
    URL Documento de licencia: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    DOI del artículo: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1156569
    Entidad: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Año de publicación de la revista: 2023
    Tipo de publicación: Journal Publications
  • Palabras clave:

    Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health,Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
    Social exclusion
    Psychosocial determinants
    Psychological well-being
    Life events
    Health inequity
    Health
    psychosocial determinants
    psychological well-being
    health inequity
    health
    happiness
    Saúde coletiva
    Public, environmental & occupational health
    Public health, environmental and occupational health
    Psicología
    Medicina i
    Interdisciplinar
    Farmacia
    Ciencias sociales
    Ciências biológicas iii
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