Articles producció científica> Medicina i Cirurgia

Cord Blood Advanced Lipoprotein Testing Reveals an Interaction between Gestational Diabetes and Birth-Weight and Suggests a New Early Biomarker of Infant Obesity

  • Identification data

    Identifier: imarina:9262319
  • Authors:

    Algaba-Chueca F
    Maymó-Masip E
    Ballesteros M
    Guarque A
    Majali-Martínez A
    Freixes O
    Amigó N
    Fernández-Veledo S
    Vendrell J
    Megía A
  • Others:

    Author, as appears in the article.: Algaba-Chueca F; Maymó-Masip E; Ballesteros M; Guarque A; Majali-Martínez A; Freixes O; Amigó N; Fernández-Veledo S; Vendrell J; Megía A
    Department: Medicina i Cirurgia Ciències Mèdiques Bàsiques
    URV's Author/s: Ballesteros Pérez, Monica / Fernandez Veledo, Sonia / Guarque Rus, Albert / Maymo Masip, Elsa / Megía Colet, Ana / Vendrell Ortega, Juan José
    Keywords: Obesity Lipoprotein profile High-density-lipoprotein Gestational diabetes Fetal blood Birth-weight pregnancy obesity newborns metabolism mellitus maternal lipids lipoprotein profile intima-media thickness growth gestational diabetes fetal blood fetal cholesterol
    Abstract: Abnormal lipid metabolism is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and is observed in neonates with abnormal fetal growth. However, the underlying specific changes in the lipoprotein profile remain poorly understood. Thus, in the present study we used a novel nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based approach to profile the umbilical cord serum lipoproteins. Two-dimensional diffusion-ordered 1H-NMR spectroscopy showed that size, lipid content, number and concentration of particles within their subclasses were similar between offspring born to control (n = 74) and GDM (n = 62) mothers. Subsequent data stratification according to newborn birth-weight categories, i.e., small (n = 39), appropriate (n = 50) or large (n = 49) for gestational age (SGA, AGA and LGA, respectively), showed an interaction between GDM and birth-weight categories for inter-mediate-density lipoproteins (IDL)-cholesterol content and IDL-and low-density lipoproteins (LDL)-triglyceride content, and the number of medium very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and LDL particles specifically in AGA neonates. Moreover, in a 2-year follow-up study, we observed that small LDL particles were independently associated with offspring obesity at 2 years (n = 103). Collectively, our data demonstrate that GDM disturbs triglyceride and cholesterol lipoprotein content across birth-weight categories, with AGA neonates born to GDM mothers displaying a profile more similar to that of adults with dyslipidemia. Furthermore, an altered fetal lipoprotein pattern was associated with the development of obesity at 2 years.
    Thematic Areas: Pharmacology & pharmacy Medicine, research & experimental Medicine (miscellaneous) General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology Ciencias sociales Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (miscellaneous) Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (all) Biochemistry & molecular biology
    licence for use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
    Author's mail: sonia.fernandez@urv.cat albert.guarque@urv.cat elsa.maymo@urv.cat monica.ballesteros@urv.cat ana.megia@urv.cat juanjose.vendrell@urv.cat
    Author identifier: 0000-0003-2906-3788 0000-0002-9133-3120 0000-0002-5101-9452 0000-0002-6994-6115
    Record's date: 2024-07-20
    Papper version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
    Link to the original source: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9059/10/5/1033
    Licence document URL: http://repositori.urv.cat/ca/proteccio-de-dades/
    Papper original source: Biomedicines. 10 (5):
    APA: Algaba-Chueca F; Maymó-Masip E; Ballesteros M; Guarque A; Majali-Martínez A; Freixes O; Amigó N; Fernández-Veledo S; Vendrell J; Megía A (2022). Cord Blood Advanced Lipoprotein Testing Reveals an Interaction between Gestational Diabetes and Birth-Weight and Suggests a New Early Biomarker of Infant Obesity. Biomedicines, 10(5), -. DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines10051033
    Article's DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines10051033
    Entity: Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    Journal publication year: 2022
    Publication Type: Journal Publications
  • Keywords:

    Biochemistry & Molecular Biology,Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (Miscellaneous),Medicine (Miscellaneous),Medicine, Research & Experimental,Pharmacology & Pharmacy
    Obesity
    Lipoprotein profile
    High-density-lipoprotein
    Gestational diabetes
    Fetal blood
    Birth-weight
    pregnancy
    obesity
    newborns
    metabolism
    mellitus
    maternal lipids
    lipoprotein profile
    intima-media thickness
    growth
    gestational diabetes
    fetal blood
    fetal
    cholesterol
    Pharmacology & pharmacy
    Medicine, research & experimental
    Medicine (miscellaneous)
    General biochemistry,genetics and molecular biology
    Ciencias sociales
    Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (miscellaneous)
    Biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (all)
    Biochemistry & molecular biology
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